A Room for Linguistic Geography

A site for announcements and downloading the SEAL System

Last updated on February 24, 2016

What is SEAL?

The SEAL system (System of Exhibition and Analysis of Linguistic Data), developed and published by Chitsuko and Yusuke Fukushima first in 1983, works on a personal computer and can be used to process and analyze geolinguistic data and produce linguistic maps. Now it works on Windows computers.

Here you can get information on the SEAL system, get the SEAL Manual in a PDF file, and download the system.

What's new?

August 2013  SEAL users manual pdf for English version and SEAL bibliography has been updated.

April 2010  The URL has been changed as this website has been moved to the UNP website.
 http://www.unii.ac.jp/~chitsuko/English/index.html

August 2008  SEAL bibliography has been updated.

May 2007 It has been confirmed that the SEAL system works on Windows Vista. However, one of Visual Basic 6.0 runtime files is missing in the Windows folder of a Vista machine. Thus you need to install the missing file before you install the SEAL system to a Windows Vista machine. The name of the file to be installed is COMDLG32.OCX. You are adivised to find a program with which you can install missing Visual Basic 6.0 runtime files.

June 2004 The newest version SEAL 7.0J is available on the Japanese version of this web page. It only works on Japanese Windows computers.

April 7, 2003 Seal 6.3E published: Three phonetic alphabet were added at the request of a SEAL user. The other functions are the same as SEAL 6.2E. The new symbols are Reversed Capital E, Superscript H, and Barred Small Capital I.

December 16, 2002 Seal 6.2E published: updated for Windows XP in mobile-use 

Now you can use SEAL even when your Windows XP computer is not connected with a printer. You also have functions to set a printer for paper size, paper orientations, and margins. The first starting of SEAL is now much more easier. You do not need to input the SEAL path.

If you are using Seal 6.1E on Windows Xp, you must be careful. It does not start when a printer is not connected and/or it is off.  Please install SEAL 6.2E that has corrected the bug.

Installing SEAL 6.2E

Starting SEAL 6.2E

Using SEAL 6.2E: Setting a printer

June 17, 2002 The new pdf file of 6.1E users' manual available for downloading

Now it is possible to download it with the ADOBE Reader and it includes the up-to-date information on SEAL downloading and installation. Using SEAL

May 13, 2002 Seal 6.1E published: New SEAL installing file now available!

The new installing file made it possible to install the SEAL system and data files only with one action. See below.

May 5, 2002 "A Room for Linguistic Geography" now open!


History of SEAL Revision

The system has been revised as follows:

1983 The SEAL system programmed in BASIC was developed for NEC PC-8801 and the users' manual was published. Chitsuko Fukushima reported on the usefulness of a personal computer as a tool to analyze geolinguistic data.
1991 The SEAL system was revised so as to work on a new series of computers, NEC PC-9801. The users' manual version 2 was published.
April 1991-March 1995 The SEAL system was converted to the BASIC compiler version and published as version 4.3.; thus, the system worked on a MS-DOS computer and using text file data was made possible. The users' manual version 3 was published.
April 1995-March 1998 The SEAL system was reprogrammed in Visual BASIC as the system which worked on Windows 95 and published as version 5.0. The users' manual version 4 was published. The web page "A Room for Linguistic Geography" was opened as a site for announcements and downloading (http://www.nicol.ac.jp/~fukusima/).
April 1998-March 2001 In the web page cited above, SEAL version 5.0 for Windows 95 was published for downloading. The system was revised several times later, and every version was announced and prepared for downloading: version 5.1, version 5.5, and version 6.0. The latest version SEAL also had an English version that works on English version Windows.

Maps Produced by SEAL

Figure 1: An example linguistic map from CLAE
This map was produced using the data of Computer Developed Linguistic Atlas of England (CLAE) 1 & 2, provided by Professor Dr. Wolfgang Viereck, University of Marlburg, Germany.
The original mono-chrome map was taken from C. Fukushima 1997b although the map shown here uses colorful symbols: M47 he has.

Bibliography:

Viereck, Wofgang, in collabolation with Heinrich Ramische, The Computer Developed Linguistic Atlas of England 1. Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tuebingen. 1991.
Viereck, Wofgang and Heinrich Ramische, The Computer Developed Linguistic Atlas of England 2. Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tuebingen. 1997.

Figure 2: Diffusion Map 1 (from Linguistic Atlas of Southwestern Izumo)
Cumulative analysis of the old [au] sound 1 (Integration of lexical items)
In the north, the [a:] forms are used, and the [o:] forms in the south are advancing north.

Figure 3: Diffusion Map 2 (from Linguistic Atlas of Southwestern Izumo)
Cumulative analysis of the old [au] sound 2 (Integration of grammatical items)
The differences of distribution in grammatical items are smaller. The border of two dialect areas is clearly depicted.

Figure 4: Contrast Map (from Linguistic Atlas of Southwestern Izumo)
Combination of cumulative analysis of the old [au] sound 1 and 2 (Integration of lexical and grammatical items)
There is an area in the middle between the northern and southern area.



SEAL Available for Academic Usage

The SEAL system is open to the public for academic use through our Web page (http://www.nicol.ac.jp/~fukusima/english/). You can download SEAL from this site. The system includes the sample map and data files. The SEAL system works on the DOS/V personal computer with the OS of Windows 95/98/Me/2000/Xp. For English version Windows, SEAL version 6.2E and 6.3E are available.
We have developed the SEAL system for academic purposes. We will not be responsible for any damage installing SEAL might cause. In case you cannot properly install SEAL, please refer to SEAL trouble shooting or contact us. We will try to respond to your questions and/or request promptly as long as the language is English or Japanese.
The system may have bugs. When you find any bugs, please inform us.
You are free to publish the maps produced by SEAL. However, please state clearly in your publication that you used the SEAL system developed by Chitsuko and Yusuke Fukushima. We would appreciate it if you would send us your publication.


Downloading and Installing SEAL 6.2E and 6.3E

<SEAL 6.1E is older now. You are advised to install SEAL 6.2E or 6.3E. These are the same except the list of phonetic alphabet available.>

You can download the system and data files of the SEAL 6.2E and 6.3E systems here. You can use Internet Explorer or Nescape to download.

If you cannot use the Internet, it is possible to send the the installing file on CD-R by postal mail. Refer to the end of this research report for contact information.

There are two steps in the SEAL installation process.

  1. Download the installing file from this site.
    • Melt the installing file and copy the SEAL system and data files on the hard disk.
Please read and follow the instructions below to download and install the SEAL system to the hard disk on your computer.
You can also download the "readme.doc" file or the "readme.txt" file in which important sections in this web page are copied: Downloading and Installing SEAL 6.1, Starting SEAL 6.1, Trouble Shooting etc. (The new info for Windows 6.2E and 6.3E is not included.)
Click here and save the file in your hard disk: readme.doc
Right-click here and save the file in your hard disk: readme.txt
  1. Download the installing file from this site.
    Download either of the installing file to any folder on your hard disk. The size of these files is 3374KB or 3599KB. You cannot download it on floppy disks.
    Click here and download the installing file for SEAL 6.2E : Seal621ESetup.exe
     Click here and download the installing file for SEAL 6.3E : Seal63ESetup.exe
    • Melt the installing file and copy the SEAL system and data files on the hard disk.

      (1) Locate the downloaded Seal621ESetup.exe or Seal63ESetup.exe on your hard disk and double click it. If you are installing SEAL 6.3E, you will find "Seal 6.3E" in the windows appearing hereafter. First, a window will appear. Only the English can be selected here. Click [Next].

      Next, a welcome message will appear. If you are running any other Windows applications, click [Cancel] and cancel installation and close the programs as instructed. Otherwise, click [Next] to continue.

      Next, a new windows displays the folder where the SEAL system will be installed. The default is "c:\Seal62E\Seal\". Click [Next] to continue. The folder will be created and the files will be installed there.

      The next windows shows the name of SEAL program folder to be registered. The default is "SEAL 6.21 E" or "SEAL 6.3 E". Click [Next] to continue.

    All information necessary to install the program is listed. Click [Next] to continue. If you want to correct the information, click [Back] to reinput the information.

    Then the installation will start. The files will be copied to the hard disk.

    When the windows displays "Setup Complete", click [Finish].

    Finally, the ad message on the installer software used to make this installing file will be displayed. Click [OK].


The SEAL setup is now complete. The data files have also been installed. You can start the SEAL program now.

The SEAL folder structure is shown below: either c:\Seal62E\ or c:\Seal63E\ has the Seal\ folder, which has three folders and two files. In the Pro\ folder, many system files including Seal.exe and other DLL files are stored. The SealData\ folder and SealSymbol\ folder are the data folders.

  SEAL 6.2 E
c:\Seal62E\-Seal\-SealData\
-SealSymbol\
-Pro\
-Setup.log
-Uninstall.exe
 

  SEAL 6.3 E

c:\Seal63E\-Seal\-SealData\
-SealSymbol\
-Pro\
-Setup.log
-Uninstall.exe


Starting SEAL 6.2E and SEAL 6.3E

(1) To start the SEAL 6.2E or 6.3E, locate the SEAL 6.2E or 6.3E shortcut on the desktop and double-click it. You can also start the SEAL system by double clicking the "Seal.EXE" file in the C:\Seal62E\Seal\ folder or in the C:\Seal63E\Seal\ folder using Explorer.

(2) When you start the SEAL system for the first time, you have to input some information following the instructions below. You don't need to repeat this after the first run of the program usually. (This process is simpler than the previous versions: you don't need to input the name of the folder where the SEAL folder is located.)

First, the following message will be displayed. Enter either "sample" or "sample60" as a map name, in which the data for demonstration are stored, and click the [OK] button.

 

Next, you have to set the font information. Click [Yes(Y)] to continue. On your display only English message will be displayed unlike the figure below.

 

Then, specify the font data, i.e., "Font", "Font style" and "Size". The choices for the font style are "Regular(Standard)", "Italic", "Bold", and "Bold Italic". Thus, click and select "Arial", "Regular", and "10", for example. Then click the [OK] button. On your display only English message will be displayed unlike the figure below.

 

Finally, you have to input the vertical position of special fonts. Enter "0.0" or "0" and click the [OK] button. In the SEAL system, we can use a special set of fonts. However, these fonts sometimes may not be plotted in the same vertical position. Therefore, we adjust the position using the value of "Vertical Position of Special Fonts". We can use a decimal number as the value of vertical position.

 

As explained before, the procedure described above is necessary when the SEAL system is started for the first time. The information entered is stored in the "SealDrive Name.map". If you think it necessary to change the information or fail to enter the proper information, the "SealDriveName.map" file must be deleted manually and you have to enter the new information.

(3) After the data input above, the SEAL Main form will appear. In this form, you can jump to other forms where you can input the data, analyze the data, specify the symbols to the forms, draw linguistic maps, and synthesize the data of different maps. You can also end the SEAL system in this form. 

 

You should download the PDF Users' Manual in the next section in order to consult how to use the SEAL system.

(4) Once the data is entered, it is not necessary to repeat it usually. From the second starting, SEAL will return the following message and ask if we want to confirm the data or not.
Drive Name, Map Name, Font
Drive Name c:\Seal62E\                  or Drive Name c:\Seal63E\
Map Name sample
Font Arial
Font Style 'Standard'
Size of Fonts 10 OK?
Yes No

Here the font style "Regular" is printed as "Standard" on the screen. If you want to keep the data, click the [Yes] button. If you want to change it, click the [No] button. In this way, you can change the font data or even the kind of map data at each run of the SEAL system.

The sets of special fonts, which include either phonetic alphabet or Spanish alphabet, are stored in the following folders:
\SealSymbol\Standard16
\SealSymbol\Bold16
\SealSymbol\Standard18
\SealSymbol\Bold18

Fonts have two styles; one is "Regular" (printed as "Standard" in the system) and another is "Bold". The font sizes are 16 dots and 18 dots. A list of these special fonts is shown when you choose one of the menus, [Phonetic Alphabet (P)], in the 'Draw Maps' form.

 

Using SEAL 6.2E and 6.3E: Setting a printer

When SEAL 6.2E or 6.3E is started, you are in the non-printing mode. If you want to print a map or any page, you have to set a printer.

Suppose you are on the "Draw Map" form, you are ready to print a linguistic map. Drag the [file] menu and choose [print Y/N]. The following message will appear.

Click [OK]. Then drag the [file] menu and choose [To Main]. 

On the "Seal Main" form, click the [Set Printer] button. The "Set Margin" frame will appear. Here you can change the paper size, paper orientation, and margins. Change if necessary, and click the [Exit Set Margin] button.

Next, the "Printing" form will appear. Here you can choose a printer. After choosing a printer and click the [Print] button.

 

Now you are back to the Main form. Click the [Draw Map] button and go back to the "Draw Map" form. Drag the [File] menu and choose the [Print Y/N] menu. The message box will ask you, "Will you print?" Click the [Yes] button. Click the [Linguistic Map] menu and the linguistic map will be printed.


 

 

Downloading and Installing SEAL 6.1E

<SEAL 6.1E is older now. You are advised to install SEAL 6.2E.>

You can download the system and data files of the SEAL 6.1E system here. You can use Internet Explorer or Nescape to download.

If you cannot use the Internet, it is possible to send the the installing file on CD-R by postal mail. Refer to the end of this research report for contact information.

There are two steps in the SEAL installation process.
  1. Download the installing file from this site.
    • Melt the installing file and copy the SEAL system and data files on the hard disk.

Please read and follow the instructions below to download and install the SEAL system to the hard disk on your computer.

You can also download the "readme.doc" file or the "readme.txt" file in which important sections in this web page are copied: Downloading and Installing SEAL, Starting SEAL, Trouble Shooting etc.

Click here and save the file in your hard disk: readme.doc

Right-click here and save the file in your hard disk: readme.txt
  1. Download the installing file from this site.

    Download the file to any folder on your hard disk. The size of this file is 3312KB. You cannot download it on floppy disks.

    Click here and download the installing file: Seal61ESetup.exe

    • Melt the installing file and copy the SEAL system and data files on the hard disk.
      (1) Locate the downloaded Seal61ESetup.exe on your hard disk and double click it. A window will appear. Only the English can be selected here. Click [Next].

      Next, a welcome message wil appear. If you are running any other Windows applications, click [Cancel] and cancel installation and close the programs as instructed. Otherwise, click [Next] to continue.

      Next, a new windows displays the folder where the SEAL system will be installed. The default is "c:\Seal61E\Seal\". Click [Next] to continue. The folder will be created and the files will be installed there.

      The next windows shows the name of SEAL program folder to be registered. The default is "SEAL 6.1 E". Click [Next] to continue.

    All information necessary to install the program is listed. Click [Next] to continue. If you want to correct the information, click [Back] to reinput the information.

    Then the installation will start. The files will be copied to the hard disk.

    When the windows displays "Setup Complete", click [Finish].

    Finally, the ad message on the installer software used to make this installing file will be displayed. Click [OK].


The SEAL setup is now complete. The data files have also been installed. You can start the SEAL program now.

The SEAL folder structure is shown below. c:\Seal61E\ has the Seal\ folder, which has three folders and one file. In the Pro\ folder, many system files including Seal.exe and other DLL files are stored. The SealData\ folder and SealSymbol\ folder are the data folders.

c:\Seal61E\-Seal\-SealData\
-SealSymbol\
-Pro\
-Setup.log


Starting SEAL 6.1E

(1) To start the SEAL 6.1E, drag the [Start] button, the [Programs (P)] button, the [Seal 6.1 E] group, and finally click the [Seal 6.1 E] icon. You can also start the SEAL system by double clicking the "Seal.EXE" file using Explorer. Or make the short cut of Seal.exe on your desk top to start.

(2) When you start the SEAL system for the first time, you have to input some information follwing the instructions below. You don't need to repeat this after the first run of the program usually.

First, the following message will be displayed. Input the folder name in which the "Seal" folder is located: \Seal is in the c:\Seal61E\ folder, so input "c:\Seal61E\". This "\" must be entered to avoid an error message. Then click the [OK] button.

Next, the following message will be displayed. Enter either "sample" or "sample60" as a map name, in which the data for demonstration are stored, and click the [OK] button.

Next, you have to set the font information. Click [Yes(Y)] to continue. On your display only English message will be displayed unlike the figure below.

Then, specify the font data, i.e., "Font", "Font style" and "Size". The choices for the font style are "Regular(Standard)", "Italic", "Bold", and "Bold Italic". Thus, click and select "Arial", "Regular", and "10", for example. Then click the [OK] button. On your display only English message will be displayed unlike the figure below.

Finally, you have to input the vertical position of special fonts. Enter "0.0" or "0" and click the [OK] button. In the SEAL system, we can use a special set of fonts. However, these fonts sometimes may not be plotted in the same vertical position. Therefore, we adjust the position using the value of "Vertical Position of Special Fonts". We can use a decimal number as the value of vertical position.

As explained before, the procedure described above is necessary when the SEAL system is started for the first time. The information entered is stored in the "SealDrive Name.map". If you think it necessary to change the information or fail to enter the proper information, the "SealDriveName.map" file must be deleted and you have to enter the new information.

(3) After the data input above, the SEAL Main form will appear. In this form, you can jump to other forms where you can input the data, analyse the data, specify the symbols to the forms, draw linguistic maps, and synthesize the data of different maps. You can also end the SEAL system in this form. You should download the PDF Users' Manual in the next section in order to consult how to use the SEAL system.

(4) Once the data is entered, it is not necessary to repeat it usually. From the second starting, SEAL will return the following message and ask if we want to confirm the data or not.
Drive Name, Map Name, Font
Drive Name c:\Seal60E\
Map Name sample
Font Arial
Font Style 'Standard'
Size of Fonts 10 OK?
Yes No

Here the font style "Regular" is printed as "Standard" on the screen. If you want to keep the data, click the [Yes] button. If you want to change it, click the [No] button. In this way, you can change the font data or even the kind of map data at each run of the SEAL system.

The sets of special fonts, which include either phonetic alphabet or Spanish alphabet, are stored in the following folders:
\SealSymbol\Standard16
\SealSymbol\Bold16
\SealSymbol\Standard18
\SealSymbol\Bold18

Fonts have two styles; one is "Regular" (printed as "Standard" in the system) and another is "Bold". The font sizes are 16 dots and 18 dots. A list of these special fonts is shown when you choose one of the menus, [Phonetic Alphabet (P)], in the 'Draw Maps' form.


Trouble Shooting: Installing the SEAL system

It has been confirmed that the SEAL system works on various versions of Windows. However, one of Visual Basic 6.0 runtime files is missing in the Windows folder of newer versions of Windows such as Vista, 7 or 8. Thus you need to install the missing file before you install the SEAL system to a Windows machine. The name of the file to be installed is COMDLG32.OCX. You are adivised to find a program with which you can install the missing Visual Basic 6.0 runtime file by googling with keywords sych as "Visual Basic 6.0 runtime files COMDLG32.OCX".

(1) Deletion of "SealDriveName.map"

When you have any trouble in starting the system, you should locate and delete the "SealDriveName.map" file. In the original installation, the file will be found in the c:\Seal62E\ folder. Using Explorer, search the "SealDriveName.map" file and delete all of them found in "My Computer".

(2) Location of SEAL Data Folders

The data folders, the SealData\ folder and the SealSymbol\ folder, must be put in the Seal\ folder, but this Seal\folder can be located anywhere, for example, at the root of the C Drive: c:\seal\. If you move the data folder or make the new folder, check if the data folders are properly set.

(3) Uninstall the SEAL system

There uninstallation processs differs depending on the version of the SEAL. If you are using SEAL 6.1E or 6.2E, just delete the c:\Seal61E\ or c:\Seal62E\ folder. That is all you have to do. If you are using the SEAL 6.0E, which was available only for a short time, never delete the Seal60E\ folder using Explorer. You are advised to use the Add/Remove Programs in the [Control Panel]. Drag the [start] button, [Setting], [Control Panel], and [Add/Remove Programs]. Then, you should execute the "Uninstall.exe" file in the Seal\ folder to remove all the files involved.


NEW INFO: You can download the users' manual of SEAL 6.2E/6.3E system (English version, Adobe PDF file, 715KB) here. This manual has been remade so that it includes the up-to-date information on 6.2E/6.3E. You need Acrobat Reader to read and print the file. You can download the Acrobat Reader for free from its corporate Web site. If you have installed ADOBE Acrobat Reader, left-click here and read/print the file. You can download the users' manual even if you haven't installed Acrobat Reader:



SEAL Bibliography        NEW  February 24, 2016

*Here only the publications written in English are listed.

SEAL User's Manual
Academic Papers
Academic Presentations

Please request copies of papers if you are interested in the publication listed above.

Chitsuko Fukushima, Professor

Faculty of International Studies and Regional Development
University of Niigata Prefecture
471 Ebigase, Higashi-ku, Niigata City
950-8680 JAPAN
TEL: +81-(0)25-270-7160
FAX: +81-(0)25-270-7160
E-mail: "chitsuko" followed by "@unii.ac.jp"



Copyrights (c) 2002-2016 Chitsuko Fukushima, All Rights Reserved.

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